The 108th Air Defense Artillery Brigade traces its lineage from the 514th Coast Artillery Regiment (Antiaircraft), which was formed in October 1923 at Schenectady, New York. 

In January 1943, it was reorganized as the 108th Coast Artillery Group (Antiaircraft). 

In May 1943, it was again reorganized, this time as the 108th Antiaircraft Artillery Group.

During World War II, the group was deployed to France, landing at Utah Beach and participated in the European theater of operations. 

The 108th Antiaircraft Artillery Group provided defense of the city and harbor at Cherbourg, France and for 11 months, defended forward airfields and the French cities of Reims and Rouen. 

World War II campaign participations include Normandy, Northern France, Rhineland, and Central Europe.  The group was inactivated in December 1945, in Germany.

In September 1956, the group was reactivated at Los Angles and in March 1958, redesignated the 108th Artillery Group (Air Defense).

In April 1960, the group was inactivated at Fort McArthur, California.

In May 1967, the group was reactivated at Fort Riley, Kansas, as the 108th Artillery Group and deployed to the Republic of Vietnam in October 1967. The group participated in every major operation conducted in Northern I Corps from that time and received credit for participating in 11 campaigns while in Vietnam.

The group was decorated with the Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm. The organizational colors departed Vietnam on Nov. 22, 1971, for Fort Lewis, Washington, where the group was again inactivated.

On Aug. 26, 1974, the group was reactivated at Kapaun Barracks, Kaiserslautern, Federal Republic of Germany, as the 108th Air Defense Artillery Group, the only Chaparral/Vulcan Group in the U.S. Army. 

In September 1975, the group moved from Kapaun Barracks to Kleber Kaserne, Germany.

On Oct. 1, 1982, the group was redesignated as the 108th Air Defense Artillery Brigade. 

On April 15, 1992, the brigade was moved from Germany to Fort Polk, Louisiana.

On Aug. 15, 1996, the brigade was moved to Fort Bliss, Texas where it resided until recently.

While at Fort Bliss, the brigade headquarters deployed to Operation Iraqi Freedom I and the subordinate battalions deployed to OIF and Operation Enduring Freedom in support of the Global War on Terrorism and to Korea performing air and missile defense and non-standard operations.

On June 28, 2007, the 108th ADA uncased the colors at its current home at Fort Bragg, and on June 10, 2011, deployed to Southwest Asia in support of OEF to write another chapter in its long and distinguished history.