The Tuskegee Airmen were members of the U.S. Army Air Corps during World War II. They were the first black aviators. They trained at the Tuskegee Army Air Field in Alabama. The Tuskegee Airmen were made up of the 332nd Pursuit Group and the 477th Bombardment Group. They were deactivated in 1948.
Most of the Airmen never saw combat. The 99th Pursuit Squadron, however, saw multiple dive-bombing and strafing missions. Lt. Col. Benjamin O. Davis led the squadron. They set a record for destroying five enemy aircraft in four minutes, and shot down three German jets in one day. The squadron earned three Distinguished Unit Citations.
In total, 992 pilots were trained in Tuskegee, Alabama from 1941 to 1946. Of those, 355 were deployed, and 84 lost their lives. They flew in 1,578 total combat missions.